|Bee Balm, Monarda fistulosa||Lemon Bee Balm, Monarda citriodora||Bee Balm, Panorama, Monarda didyma||Spotted Bee Balm, Monarda punctata|
Canada to Mexico
3 to 9
2.00 to 4.00 feet
2.00 to 3.00 feet
July to September
Full sun to part shade
Dry to medium
Herb, Naturalize, Rain Garden
Showy, Fragrant, Good Cut, Good Dried
Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Dry
|Best grown in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Tolerates somewhat poor soils and some drought. Plants need good air circulation. Deadhead flowers to prolong summer bloom. Tends to self-seed.
Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a common Missouri native perennial which occurs statewide in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. A clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4′ tall. Lavender, two-lipped, tubular flowers appear in dense, globular, solitary, terminal heads atop square stems. Each flower head is subtended by (rests upon) a whorl of showy, pinkish, leafy bracts. Flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. The toothed, aromatic, oblong, grayish-green leaves (to 4″) may be used in teas. Long summer bloom period.
Genus name honors Nicholas Monardes (1493-1588), physician and botanist of Seville.
Specific epithet means hollow like a pipe.
Powdery mildew can be a significant problem with the monardas, particularly in crowded gardens with poor air circulation. This species has good mildew resistance, however. Rust can also be a problem.
Provides color and contrast for the herb garden, wild garden, native plant garden, meadow or naturalized area. May be used in the perennial border, but is simply a less colorful selection than the similar-in-appearance Monarda didyma and its many cultivars (the beebalms).
|Information on this page is generally from Missouri Botanical Gardens,
Dave’s Garden, All things Plants or Texas Superstar
This page last updated or reviewed